Because people often think that mums (formally called Chrysanthemums) are at best a finicky perennial, many gardeners treat them as annuals, but this doesn’t have to be the case. With just a little winter care for mums, these fall beauties can come back year after year.
The garden center is in full bloom now with mums in all shapes, sizes, colors and varieties.
One of the simplest ways mums can be reproduced is through division. … As a result, the mums do not produce as many flowers as in past years. Dig into your mum garden during spring when the plants grow actively.
A: Commercial growers use plant growth regulators to keep their plants short and bushy. You can achieve a similar effect with periodic mini-prunings. Starting when the plants are about 6 inches tall, pinch off the growing tips of your plants. Several new branches will grow out from each of these tips.
The rainy season is also the perfect time for flower enthusiasts to prepare for one of the most spectacular winter flowers — chrysanthemum. It is a herbaceous perennial, which survives winter chill spectacularly during late November and early December.
Keep mums indoors until one week before the last expected spring frost. At that time, take the pot outdoors to its summer location for two or three hours, then bring it back indoors to its winter location. Each day, bring the pot outdoors and leave it there for an hour or so longer each time.
According to the USDA map, the lowest minimum temperatures mums can survive are right around 20 degrees below zero Fahrenheit. … Mums planted this late will not likely survive cold winters because they have shallow roots. Container plants are a bit more protected from the cold, so they have a better chance of surviving.
Chrysanthemums love full sun and all that heat means they also need plenty of water. Give them a good soak after repotting, then water every other day or whenever soil seems dry. Try to avoid allowing your plants to wilt.
Mums that are on special with fully open flowers are OK to buy, but be aware that they will not last as long in your garden. Depending on weather conditions and mum varieties, you can expect to get a good display of color for four to six weeks. Extended periods of hot weather will age the flowers more quickly.
A: That sounds like what’s commonly called “wild chrysanthemum” or mugwort. It’s actually a type of invasive artemisia that has scalloped leaves that do look somewhat like garden mums. It is one of the nastier weeds because it’s a perennial with a really deep, vigorous and spreading root system.
With plenty of time to put down roots, garden mums can live for three to four years in USDA zones 5 through 9.
It’s always best to cut mums back every spring shortly after they first begin to grow. Timing is everything. If you don’t cut mums back in early spring, then they are more likely to produce a premature and disappointing period of poor bloom in summer and a lackluster season of poor bloom in fall.
The rule of thumb is to make your last pinch by the 15th of July. Any later than this and you run the risk of delaying the plant’s bloom too long, and you may lose your blooms to frost. If time gets away from you and you don’t start pinching back your mums in the spring, don’t worry.
WHEN your chrysanthemums have finished flowering in late autumn, they can be dug up and stored for the following year. It is easy to overwinter chrysanthemums, simply dig up the plants and cut back all the stems to about 6in.
For potted mums, cut off the flowers after they wilt, to encourage further blooming. If you want something more permanent and are willing to provide proper care — such as mulching and pinching to encourage compact growth and more blooms — plant mums in the spring and allow them to get established in the garden.
Based on a price of $2.25 per pot, delivered plants had a profit margin of 36.8% and non-delivered plants had 44.2% profit margin. Garden mums offer the potential of a profitable summer crop.
Look for dark green, full, symmetrical plants with no signs of wilting or yellowing foliage. Buy the plants by flower color. The fun is coming up with a scheme, say orange mums and black pansies for Halloween. Because it’s a temporary show, have a good time with color combinations.
‘Pelee’ is a garden mum which bears single flowers in russet-red. Chrysanthemum is made up of both annuals, and perennials and are best known for their showy flowers. There are twelve different flowerhead forms which distinguish the different chrysanthemums.
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