Like most things in gardening, there are always exceptions to this rule of 2-3 seeds per hole. If you’re planting large seeds like cucumbers, melons, or pumpkins, you should only use one seed per hole. However, you can still plant seeds close together and then thin them out once they’ve established themselves.
Usually it takes 1 to 2 weeks to germinate. Some plants such as mini tomato, chili pepper and rosemary may take up to 3 weeks. The lettuce plants are very sensitive to high temperatures so their germination might be inhibited by that.
In general, the larger the seed, the smaller amount of seeds should be planted in the same hole or cell. These types of seeds take up more space and grow roots very quickly once germinated. Multiple seeds can still be planted together, but I recommend not planting more than two seeds per hole with these larger seeds.
The rule of thumb is to plant seeds at a depth equal to two or three times their width. It is better to plant seeds too shallow than too deep. Some seeds, such as certain Lettuces or Snapdragon, need light to germinate and should not be covered at all.
Multiply the amount of recommended seed or number of plants for a 100-foot row by . 25 and you will know how much seed or how many plants to plant for a 25-foot row. Seed packets typically are measured by pounds or ounces.
“Thinning’ is the practice of removing excess seedlings. … You should pull out excess seedlings once they have grown two ‘true’ leaves. These aren’t the first leaves that appear – those are called ‘seed’ leaves. True leaves are shaped differently then the seed leaves.
Another option is to tuck seeds directly into soil outdoors. Planting seeds this way is called direct sowing, and it is an easy process that yields great results. … Even so, many vegetables, annuals, herbs and perennials sprout easily from seed sown directly into garden soil.
Most seeds germinate best under dark conditions and might even be inhibited by light (e.g., Phacelia and Allium spp.). However, some species (e.g., Begonia, Primula, Coleus) need light to germinate (Miles and Brown 2007). Don’t confuse seed light requirements with what seedlings need. All seedlings require sunlight.
The number of days to germination for your seeds is likely expressed as a range, such as seven to 14 days. This means that the majority of your seeds will sprout and emerge as tiny seedlings sometime between seven and 14 days. Some may germinate earlier or later than the indicated days to germination.
Create a band of seeds by raking or troweling out a band at least 5 inches wide and as long as you’d like, digging down to about four times the thickness of a seed. Sprinkle the seeds randomly and generously throughout the hole. Cover the seeds with soil and water the soil.
Planting in the morning may be best. “In the morning sow thy seed,” according to Ecclesiastes, and it is not bad advice for gardeners. Morning planting offers a seed more of what it needs to germinate and fewer dangers.
As a general rule, most annual vegetables should be sown indoors about six weeks before the last frost in your area. See local frost dates.
As a general rule, seeds need to be started four to six weeks before the date of the last frost. Seed starting times are calculated by taking the date of the last frost and subtracting the days until transplant.
Don’t exceed three seeds per hole. If more than one germinates, snip off extras at the soil line also. This prevents disturbance of the seedling roots on the one you’ll continue growing out when thinning. Don’t add more than one large seed to a hole.
You should perform a germination test to what percent of the seeds sprout. If half of the ones you sow sprout. Then you plant multiple seeds into a hole. Generally if you plant multiple seeds into a hole, if both plants grow out you will have to cut, kill or transplant the secondary (usually weaker) plant.
It’s best to add 2-3 seeds to each pot, in case one doesn’t sprout. Once you’ve sown the seeds, cover them with potting mix and mist each container enough so that the potting mix is damp, but not drenched with water. The water will also help the potting mix settle around the seeds.
To grow strong and verdant, plants need sun and water as well as soil that has sufficient nutrients… and that’s where commercial fertilizer comes in. Fertilizer puts badly needed nutrients back into the soil, but it can be harsh on plants, and it’s costly too.
The best time to plant any plant is during the dormant season – in North America, this is usually late fall through early spring. While it’s okay to plant during the rest of the year, it will require more maintenance from you in the form of watering, fertilizers, etc.
Red light stimulates vegetative growth and flowering (but if a plant gets too much, it will become tall and spindly). Blue light regulates plant growth, which makes it ideal for growing foliage plants and short, stocky seedlings (but too much will result in stunted plants).
A short list of seeds that like to soak are peas, beans, pumpkins and other winter squash, chard, beets, sunflower, lupine, fava beans, and cucumbers. Most other medium-to-large vegetable and flower seeds with thick coats benefit from soaking.
Plant the seed about one inch deep in your growing medium, cover lightly, and allow for about a week for the seed to emerge from the soil. If the seed hasn’t poked through by day ten, it likely didn’t survive.
Until seeds have sprouted, keep the seed bed moist, never allowing it to dry out. Water with a fine-spray hose nozzle or watering can which will provide a fine misty spray and not wash away the soil. Water often enough (usually about once a day) so that the soil surface never dries out, but remains constantly moist.
The primary reasons for failed germination are: Seeds get eaten – mice, voles, birds, and wireworms all eat seeds. Check to see that the seed is still in the soil. Seeds rot – planted too deeply, over-watered, or in cold weather, our untreated seeds may simply rot.
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