Growing cassava yuca successfully relies upon tropical climates and at least eight months of warm weather. The plant prefers well-drained soil and modest rainfall, but it can survive where soils are wet. Cassava roots do not tolerate freezing temperatures and the best growth is in full sun.Apr 13, 2021
The best month to begin planting cassava is in October, at the beginning of the short raining season. Subsequently, cassava matures rather quickly. Early-maturing high-yield varieties are harvested 6-7 months after planting, while the late-maturing variety can be ready for harvest after 12months.
During the second growth stage, the cassava plant and tuber rapidly puts on growth until the tuber reaches a mature, harvestable size. From planting until harvest, the entire growth period of a cassava plant takes a minimum of eight to 11 months to complete, according to the University of Florida IFAS Extension.
Cassava matures and is ready for harvesting between 9 – 10 months after planting. Cut back the cassava stems at 30 cm (1ft) from the soil level. Then hold the stem gently, shake and pull to uproot the tubers. In soils that are compacted, use a fork to break the ridges before removing the tubers.
Cassava is a perennial plant with conspicuous, almost palmate (fan-shaped) leaves resembling those of the related castor-oil plant but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. The fleshy roots are reminiscent of dahlia tubers. Different varieties range from low herbs to branching shrubs and slender unbranched trees.
Initially, cassava should be fertilized with equal amounts of N, phosphorus pentoxide (P2O5) and potassium oxide (K2O) at a rate of 500 kg to 800 kg per ha of a compound fertilizer such as 15-15-15 or 16-16-16.
Control of soil erosion is essential for sustainable soil fertility management. Growing cassava tends to cause more soil losses to erosion than most other crops, especially where farmers do not use cover crops or mulches to protect the soil. “Save and Grow” practices reduce runoff and erosion significantly.
Remove from the solution and place in perforated transparent polythene bags for pre-sprouting. Step 3: Store in the polythene bags under the shade of a tree or under the cassava canopy or in a farm shed for 7–10 days to sprout.
For the field crops, cassava has the highest crop water requirement per hectare at around 7827 m3, followed by rice (5354 m3) and maize (3756 m3), respectively. … However, the high water requirement for cassava is because its cropping period is over the whole year unlike rice which has a short cropping cycle.
Cassava is a perennial woody shrub, grown as an annual. Cassava is a major source of low cost carbohydrates for populations in the humid tropics.
Although cassava is commonly recognized as a subsistence crop, there is growing evidence that it is an important cash-earner for most producers and that the marketed share of output often exceeds that of cereals.
Sandy and clayey soils are not the most suit- able soils for growing cassava. Look for an area with fertile soil: Fertile soils usually have a dark color, for example, dark red or dark brown. The dark color shows that the soil has a lot of organic matter.
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a food plant introduced in Africa from America by the Portuguese in 1558.
A current study by IITA revealed that about 4000 local varieties are in 17 major cassava-growing countries in Africa. The research programmes on cassava improvement of the countries surveyed released a total of 206 improved cassava varieties between 1970 and 1998 .
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Potential toxicity. Cassava roots, peels and leaves should not be consumed raw because they contain two cyanogenic glucosides, linamarin and lotaustralin. These are decomposed by linamarase, a naturally occurring enzyme in cassava, liberating hydrogen cyanide (HCN).
Cassava, an edible tuberous root often made into flour, contains cyanogenic glycosides, which can result in fatal cyanide poisoning if not properly detoxified by soaking, drying, and scraping before being consumed.
Compared to potatoes, yuca root is higher in calories, protein, and carbs. This makes it ideal for athletes and active individuals. Along with rice and corn, yuca is one of the primary sources of carbohydrates in the tropics.
In areas with two relatively short rainy seasons per year, cassava can be planted in the early or middle part of either rainy season and harvested after 10 to 14 months, preferably during the dry season.
Experiments have shown that cassava yields are seriously reduced if either low rainfall or low temperatures are limiting growth during the period of 3-5 months after planting; that planting vertically or inclined produces higher yields than planting horizontally, especially during periods of drought; that planting on …
The major strategies for improving cassava production and processing include making planting material available at the right time in the right places and at reduced prices, establishment of starch based industries in rural areas for processing cassava and formation of farmers’ cooperative societies to enhance farmers’ …
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