Cultivation. Thyme is best cultivated in a hot, sunny location with well-drained soil. It is generally planted in the spring, and thereafter grows as a perennial.
Wild thyme is found growing on heaths, in sheep pastures, and mountainous areas in temperate regions. It was probably introduced to North America by European colonists, and has escaped cultivation. Wild thyme produces long, low-lying, sprawling and creeping stems.
|Combined Nomenclature Number||Product|
|0910 99 31||Wild dried thyme (Thymus serpyllum L.)|
Most selections of thyme (Thymus sp.) are hardy to USDA Zones 5 to 9 and marginally hardy to Zone 4 with added winter protection. In areas with cold winters, thyme is considered semi-evergreen, meaning that the plant will retain some of its foliage during winter but not all.
Common thyme, or Thymus vulgaris, is a small perennial plant, growing no taller than 8 inches. When it is mature, the stems become woody and have tiny leaves that are grayish-green. Pink to lilac flowers are tiny and appear in summer. Both the leaves and the flowers are edible.
Essential oils, including those from different species of thyme, have a variable composition of components, some of which are acutely toxic to humans in small amounts. Eugenol, which is a component of thyme oil from Thymus capitatus, cilicus, funkii, and vulgaris, is hepatotoxic.
Thyme also contains a variety of minerals and vitamins that promote good health. Thyme is full of vitamin C for immune support, potassium for healthy cells, and manganese for bone development and blood clotting.
This culinary herb loves hot temperatures, is drought-tolerant, and requires relatively little maintenance, making it a sturdy crop that’s great for planting in dry conditions.
Officially named Lamiaceae, the Mint Family includes some of the most important and popular plants for gardens – and kitchens! … Other culinary Mint Family stars are rosemary, savory, marjoram, sage, lemon balm, and thyme.
A majority of herbs are perennials throughout most of the United States. That means they come back year after year and usually get bigger or spread in territory each year. Some of our most-used cooking herbs are perennials, including sage, oregano and thyme.
Although sage, oregano and thyme will provide leaves over winter without protection, you should check their growing guides in case your winter temperatures are so low that small plants should be potted up and taken indoors.
Cold-hardy herbs, such as chives, mint, oregano, parsley, sage and thyme, can often survive cold-winter temperatures while continuing to produce flavorful foliage, as long as they are provided with some protection or grown indoors.
Thyme pairs well with meat, tomatoes, and beans. It is the main ingredient in the classic French herb combinations Boquet Garni and Herbes de Province. These herb blends are frequently used to flavor meat, stews, and soups.
Dry thyme was particularly rich in iron (117.2 mg/100 g dry matter) and milk thistle seeds in crude fiber (25 g/100 g dry matter).
Dried herbs have a concentrated flavor that can tend toward bitterness, so use less of it than you would fresh. And vice versa, fresh herbs tend to have a more delicate flavor than dried, so I tend to use more of it. My general rule of thumb is to use 1 1/2 times the amount of fresh as I would dry.
Did you know that thyme contains an anxiolytic active ingredient that could be beneficial to sleep? Thyme can therefore help anxious people to relax, much like its friend verbena.
Thyme is a flavorful herb packed with numerous healthy compounds. Rosmarinic acid is one such compound. Research has linked it to many benefits, such as reduced inflammation and blood sugar levels, as well as increased blood flow. It may also help reduce blood pressure ( 25 , 26 ).
Studies indicate that thyme may be useful as a disinfectant in homes with a low concentration of mold when used as an essential oil. Thyme’s anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties may also help with skin conditions. It may help get rid of bacterial infections while also helping to reduce inflammation.
Thyme helps fight respiratory infections and is a natural expectorant that serves as an antiseptic and helps expulse mucus. It’s also good for soothing coughs and fighting nasal congestion. Prepare it as a tea.
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